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The status of this species is a bit unclear over much of northern
Central America. The range map in Howell and Webb includes only
southern Guatemala, a small area in north-west Honduras and
a single location in eastern El Salvador. In all cases they
show the birds to be resident. However, they are far more widespread
than this, especially in winter. In Honduras, this species is
common at Lago Yojoa, Jicarito, Coyolito and Coastal Mosquitia.
I have only been to the Mosquitia in winter, so I cannot comment
on the status of the birds there, but at the other three sites
there were Red-winged Blackbirds present in the summer months
and at both south coast locations I had adults feeding juveniles.
In Guatemala, I have only ever seen this species at Monterrico.
In El Salvador, I have seen them at Lago de Guija, Laguna El
Jocotal, Laguna Naualapa, at the Rio Jiboa and at several other
locations in the coastal lowlands as I have driven past in my
car. My impression is that this is a fairly common bird throughout
the coastal lowlands of the country, where they are largely
wintering birds, but also breed in suitable locations. Even
in the fairly standard farmland near the Rio Jiboa, this is
a common species that is present throughout the year, though
more so in winter. I have often seen groups of birds moving
either north or south on migration, so there are clearly wintering
birds here as well.